Thyroid storm is a life-threatening condition of the hyperthyroid state. 26 It most commonly occurs in patients with Graves' disease but may also occur in those with multinodular goiter or toxic adenoma. 27 It is treated by correcting the hyperthyroidism and treating the precipitating events. 26 Correction of the hyperthyroid state involves using drugs such as propylthiouracil or methimazole (Tapazole), beta blockers or corticosteroids, which decrease the peripheral effects of thyroid hormone and the conversion of thyroxine (T 4 ) to the more potent triiodothyronine (T 3 ). 22 , 26 Dexamethasone can be used for that purpose, at a dosage of 2 mg intravenously every six hours, and can eventually can be switched to an oral dosage of 2 mg every six hours. 28
Joseph Bennington-Castro is a Hawaii-based contributing writer for Live Science and . He holds a master's degree in science journalism from New York University, and a bachelor's degree in physics from the University of Hawaii. His work covers all areas of science, from the quirky mating behaviors of different animals, to the drug and alcohol habits of ancient cultures, to new advances in solar cell technology. On a more personal note, Joseph has had a near-obsession with video games for as long as he can remember, and is probably playing a game at this very moment.