Not shortly after Roger Maris record was broken, another baseball player, Jason Giambi and various other athletes were either suspected of, or proven to have, taken anabolic steroids. Again, Congress convened a hearing, and just as they did the first time in 1990, they did not determine that steroids were a danger, but rather that the danger was more in protecting professional sports organizations. The updated statute has been updated to proscribe pro-hormones also The definition of an anabolic steroid as defined currently in the United States under (41)(A) is that "anabolic steroid" means any drug or hormonal substance, chemically and pharmacologically related to testosterone (other than estrogens , progestins, corticosteroids, and dehydroepiandrosterone (7).
Victor Conte, BALCO’s founder and former president, pleaded guilty in 2005 and served a prison sentence of four months. He currently runs a different supplement company known as Scientific Nutrition for Advanced Conditioning (SNAC), while BALCO is no longer existent  . Patrick Arnold, who was the chemist working for BALCO that designed the various designer anabolic steroids and prohormones, served a three month prison sentence (as did Greg Anderson). However, Greg Anderson followed with another prison sentence some time later for the refusal to testify against Barry Bonds  .